Au fil des années, la CFE est devenue un interlocuteur privilégié au sein des institutions européennes

L'IEC est membre d'un certain nombre d'organisations internationales qui lui permettent de représenter les intérêts de ses membres au niveau international et au sein de différentes institutions, mais aussi d'échanger de nombreuses informations et de se préparer ensemble à l'avenir. L'IEC est membre de la CFE spécifiquement pour les conseils fiscaux, car elle est l'organisation européenne défendant ces professionnels. Le président de la CFE a accepté de répondre à nos questions pour nous en dire un peu plus sur la CFE, comment elle défend la profession et pourquoi il est important pour nous conseils fiscaux d'être membres.

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Transfer Pricing and Double Taxation: Italy’s Downward Adjustment Procedure

Published in: TP Week - 6 June 2018

The new rules (regulation - Provvedimento 108954/2018) were issued on 30 May 2018, following a public consultation launched in February 2018. The new regulation follows the amendments introduced in 2017 for Italian transfer pricing rules. Such amendments provided for an extended taxpayer’s right to request downward adjustment in connection with the correct application of the arm’s-length principle.

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Italy Refines Transfer Pricing Methodology

Published on: TP Week - 24 May 2018

On May 14 2018, the Italian Ministry of Economy and Finance issued a decree providing guidelines for the application of the Italian transfer pricing provisions, following relevant public consultation (the decree).

The Italian transfer pricing provisions, art. 110 para. 7 of the Italian Income Tax Code, had been amended in 2017 in line with the OECD Guidelines, as updated in July 2017 following the BEPS project.
The decree is composed of nine articles and in line with the OECD Guidelines on transfer pricing – these have been explicitly taken into account, according to the preamble. Further implementing provisions are expected to be issued by the Italian Revenue Agency, in particular with regards to updates of the OECD Guidelines.

In more detail, concerning the concept of control, the decree confirms the approach of the tax administration requiring verification of legal as well as economic control for the application of transfer pricing regulations.
The decree also adopts the notion of comparability as provided in the OECD Guidelines. For the assessment of comparability, it affirms the need to proceed with the analysis of the economically significant characteristics of the transactions (contractual terms, functional analysis, characteristics of goods and services, economic circumstances, company strategies).

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The Italian Web Tax from a National and International Perspective

Published in: IBFD Europe an Taxation - May 2018

To ensure taxation of digital business profits, Italy has introduced a web tax on digital transactions relating to a supply of services, sparking debate both domestically and internationally, since proposals are expected from the OECD and the European Union for coordinated solutions to the issue.
This article provides an overview of questions that the Italian web tax has generated, concluding that Italy’s actions have set off alarm bells that should promote prompt cooperation internationally.

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Digital Revolution. Tax Revolution?

Published in: Bulletin for International Taxation IBFD, 2018 (Volume 72), No. 4a/Special Issue

What seemed like science fiction a few years ago is now science fact. This is referred to as the “Digital Revolution”. And this is evident in the next generation of high technology, which is no longer developing intelligent computers and cyborgs, but is seeking to surpass human beings by creating genuine artificial intelligence (AI).

The Digital Revolution has given rise to new ways of doing business. Taxation and law, in general, cannot remain unaffected. New rules are vital to regulate the new realities and to ensure smooth coexistence in new environments. With regard to international taxation, a significant worldwide effort has been, and is being, made to deal with the extent and nature of the implications of the aforementioned scenario and to provide appropriate responses.

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Italy Holds Public Consultation on New Transfer Pricing Rules

Published in: TP Week

On April 24 2017, the Italian provision on transfer pricing, article 110 paragraph 7 of the Italian Income Tax Code, was amended to clearly and definitively define and establish the principle of open-market conditions.
According to the amended provision, profit from transactions between Italian enterprises and related foreign enterprises shall be estimated “by reference to the conditions and prices that would have been agreed between subjects operating in open market conditions under comparable circumstances”.

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EU Black List, a New Perspective on Tax Havens

Published in: IAFEI Quarterly 39th Issue, January 2018

The European Union recently took one more step in the worldwide fight against tax avoidance and evasion with the release of the common EU list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions.
The EU black list – the first such list at EU level – includes seventeen off shore countries: American Samoa, Bahrain, Barbados, Grenada, Guam, South Korea, Macao SAR, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Namibia, Palau, Panama, Saint Lucia, Samoa, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates.

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Spirit of Tax Law and Tax (Non-)Compliance: Reflections on Form and Substance

Published in: IBFD European Taxation January 2018

In complying with their tax duties, multinationals need to align their conduct with both the letter and spirit of the law. The latter requires identifying legislative intent, which is challenging in a rapidly evolving business and tax environment that is increasingly globalized and digitalized. In addition, tax avoidance legislation is increasingly being employed against aspects of non-compliance with the spirit of the law. The need for clear legislative drafting arises, therefore, as a necessary guarantee to prevent abusive interpretations.

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Italy’s Tax Police Publishes Manual against Tax Evasion and Fraud

Published in: TP Week

On December 4 2017, the Italian Financial Guard (Tax Police), updated its practical guidelines regarding performance of tax audits with the release of the Operational Manual against evasion and tax fraud – Circular n. 1/2018 (circular).
The circular was updated on December 1 2017 and entered into effect on 1 January 1 2018.
Transfer pricing is one of the subjects detailed in the circular. Following specification of the applicable rules and recent OECD developments, the circular illustrates the practical procedures for transfer pricing audits.

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A European Taxpayers’ Code

Published in: Journal - Intertax 45-12

The European Commission published ‘Guidelines for a Model for A European Taxpayer’s Code’. The Guidelines seek to clarify taxpayers’ fundamental rights and obligations in the EU while proposing best practices for their enhancement. The European initiative follows several international ones to the same end. Their comparison reveals the Guidelines’ rather restricted scope. Although they constitute a step forward, they fall short of their potential, demanding further steps to ensure due protection of taxpayers’ rights.

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Italy Turns Up the Heat on EU with Digital Sales Tax

Published in: TPWeek

Italy is hoping its proposed digital sales tax will send a message to the EU and accelerate the process of finding consensus on digital economy taxation. However, the proposal interferes with the EU’s plans and could create double taxation scenarios.

Italy hopes to curb tax avoidance by digital companies with a proposal for a new digital sales tax that, if approved, would apply from January 1 2019. The proposal would impose a 6% tax on digital transactions made through electronic means to Italian tax residents with business income, and to Italian permanent establishments (PE) of non-tax residents. This will work out as the buyer paying the service provider 94% of the amount, while withholding 6% for the Italian Treasury.

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CbCR Obligations for Italian Entity Members of US Groups

Published in: TPWeek

An agreement for the automatic exchange of country-by-country reports (CbCR) between Italy and the US (Agreement) came into effect on September 27 2017, as announced by the Italian minister for economy and finance.
The above agreement derives its legal basis from Art. 26 of the Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation in effect between the US and Italy.

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And the Blame Goes to... EU Tax Intermediaries

Published in: IAFEI 37th issue

In June 2017, the European Commission released the fiercely debated proposal for a directive to introduce mandatory disclosure rules in the area of taxation (Proposal) in the European Union (EU).
The proposed legislation is highly relevant to EU tax professionals but also to enterprises with activities in the EU, implementing tax planning structures that could potentially be regarded aggressive. Specifically, such enterprises may under certain circumstances have own obligation to report information to national tax authorities. In any case, they must be aware that potential tax planning structures they might use shall become reportable and subject to automatic exchange of information among Member States, once the Directive is implemented.

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Taxless Corporate Income: Balance against White Income, Grey Rules and Black Holes

Published in: European Taxation - IBFD

The potential of globalization and digitization is clearly manifested in international taxation, currently undergoing a complete overhaul. A key factor driving the transformation is “stateless income”. Although this term is extensively used, its meaning is ambiguous.
It might be said to comprise flexible income earned by multinationals or simple taxpayers through virtual or cyber transactions. Primary liability for its creation seems to lie with state legislators, who should hence act to remedy the situation.

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Capturing Dematerialized Money through Anti-Money Laundering Provisions

Published in: Kluwer International Tax Blog

The Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament recently finalized the amendments to the existing Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD). This decision was based on the related proposal of the European Commission, submitted in July 2016.EU initiatives in this direction – including adoption of AMLD in 2015 and two Regulations in 2015 and 2016 to enhance transparency of fund transfers and identify third countries with significant deficiencies in anti-money-laundering legislation – are surely not a novelty.  Most importantly, the EU is not alone in this struggle; its actions are in line with corresponding activities of the Financial Action Task Force and the OECD.

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