By: TPA Insight

This article examines profit/loss allocation in a headquarter/branch scenario.
Part 1 discusses the actual split between a head office and branch from a theoretical perspective, discusses basic concepts derived from public international treaty law, the notion of Key Entrepreneurial Risk-Taking Functions versus Significant People Functions and the Authorized OECD Approach (AOA).
Part 2, to be published in European Taxation 9 (2015), continues to analyse the AOA, looks at the question of whether adequate capital is allocated to the branch as a fictitious separate entity and outlines court cases, tax policy and advance pricing agreement/mutual agreement procedure implications.